The New Manager


What is an Organization?
• “a collection of interacting and interdependent individuals who work towards common goals and whose relationships are determined according to a certain structure”
(Duncan, 1981)

What is Management?
• “a process which exists to get results by making the best use of the human, financial and material resources available to the organization and to individual managers”
(Armstrong, 1990)

Division of Labor
• How activities within the organization are allocated into different jobs or tasks performed by different individuals

Division of Labor – Advantages
• Most Efficient Utilization of Labor
• Increased Standardization
• Uniformity of Output
• Reduction in Training Costs
• Heightened Expertise


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